Five Star Business Finance Ltd IPO
Overview of the Company
Formed in the year 1982, Five Star is non-Banking Finance Company (NBFC) with the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), specialized in providing financial services to address the needs of unbanked, and unserved segment, funding the people who were perceived to be non-fundable. The customers include all the way from small shop owners, flower vendors, maids, masons to small and medium enterprises that form the backbone of India’s economy.
The focus area of the company is to strike its operations to more and more under-served self-employed and Small Business customers and help them access credit on reasonable terms by opening more number of branches in the semi-urban/rural areas.The company has one wholly-owned subsidiary called Five-Star Housing Finance Private Limited which was incorporated on 28th September 2015, registered with the National Housing Bank (NHB) as a non-deposit taking Housing Finance Company (HFC).
Five Star provides Small business loans to meet borrower requirements for commencing new businesses, expansion of his/ her existing businesses and to settle any unorganized dues he/ she has taken to further their businesses. The loans are given based on the company’s evaluation of the borrower household cashflows coupled against the security of the borrower’s house collateral.
The typical loan ticket ranges between Rs 1 lakh to Rs 10 lakhs for a tenure between 24 and 84 months. The repayments are to be made on a monthly equated basis.
What makes Five-Star business robust
A) Mortgage property to give loans:
The company follows a business model, where lending to potential borrowers is secured by the twin factors of strong business income and emotionally attached property. The income of the borrower secures the loan during good times while the property mortgaged secures the loan during difficult times. The right combination of income and property has helped and continues to help the company maintain its asset quality even during difficult times like demonetization, implementation of GST, recent liquidity challenges, etc.
B) Robust Capital Structure:
Five Star has manageable leverage, leading to a healthy D/E ratio. Despite regulatory guidelines allowing for a much higher cap, the company never crossed 3.5 – 4x of leverage, which gives a lot of comfort to lenders.
C) Asset-Liability Mismatch:
The company over the years has maintained a steady Asset-liability mismatch. Many times to increase the Net Interest Margin of the company, the management tries to get loans for a shorter duration- which means at a lower cost and lend for long-term. This creates a problem during difficult times, and the perfect example is DHFL, where due to the Asset-liability mismatch, the NBFC with more than 1 Lakh Crores of loan book got burst.
During the year, the Company added 79 branches resulting in the branch network increasing to 252 from 173.
|State||No. of Branches(2019)||No. of Branches(2020)||No. of Branches(2021)||No. of Branches(2022)|
Business Highlights of last 5 years
Objects of the Five Star Business Finance Ltd IPO:
Five Star Business Finance Ltd IPO Details:
|Open Date:||Nov 09 2022|
|Close Date:||Nov 11 2022|
|Face Value:||₹ 1 Per Equity Share|
|Issue Type:||Book Built Issue|
|Issue Size:||1,960.01 Cr.|
|Lot Size:||31 Shares|
|Issue Price:||₹ 450-474 Per Equity Share|
|Listing Date:||Nov 21 2022|
Promoters And Management:
Financials of Five Star Business Finance Ltd IPO:
|Particulars (in Crs)||Mar-15||Mar-16||Mar-17||Mar-18||Mar-19||Mar-20||Mar-21||Mar-22|
|Impairment of Assets||0||0||0||0||7||50||35||45|
|EPS in Rs||1||1.2||1.3||2.9||6.5||10.2||12.37||16|
Comparison With Peers:
|Name of the Company||CMP||FV||EPS||P/E||Mcap(cr)|
|Five-Star Business Finance Limited||474||1||16||30||13,810|
|Aavas Financiers Limited||1,895||10||45.2||37.4||14,980|
|Aptus Value Housing Finance Limited||324||2||7.45||39||16,137|
|Au Small Finance Bank Limited||616||10||17.94||33||41,068|
Recommendation on Five Star Business Finance Ltd IPO:
Review and Recommendation of Five Star Business IPO by IZ Team is 5/10
1. They are an NBFC providing secured business loans to micro-entrepreneurs and self-employed individuals, each of whom are largely excluded by traditional financing institutions. 2. Within a subset of large peers (with more than ₹3000 Cr in AUM), Five-Star have the fastest AUM growth, with a compound annual growth rate (“CAGR”) of 65.0% (Financial Year 2017 to 2021). 3. Over 95% of the loan portfolio comprises loans from between ₹1 Lakh to ₹10 lakh in principal amount, with an average ticket size of ₹2.7 Lakh. 4. 63% of the loan amount is given to the business income. The 95% of the loans sanctioned being between the interest rate range of 24% - 26%. 5. The revenue has grown from 33 Crores in Fy15 to 1256 Crores in Fy22. 6. Net Profit has increased from 10 Crores in Fy15 to 453 Crores in Fy22. 7. The IPO is priced at P/B of 3.58x which looks reasonable.