Investing Simplified: Demat Accounts – Your Easy Access to Big Opportunities

Investing Simplified: Demat Accounts – Your Easy Access to Big Opportunities

Before digitalisation, it was quite difficult for new investors to trade in stock markets without extensive investment knowledge or resources. However, with the introduction of the Demat account, investing in stock markets has undergone significant changes. 

In this article, you’ll learn about different investment opportunities you can access using a Demat account. Apart from that, we’ll help you understand what a Demat account is and how it works. 

Various Investment Opportunities Accessible Through Demat Accounts – 

1. Equity Shares – With the help of a Demat account, you can easily invest in stocks of publicly listed companies. By buying shares of these companies, you can become a partial owner and benefit from capital appreciation or dividends.

2. Bonds – Bonds are often considered a safe investment option as they provide fixed interest payments. Investing in bonds is well-suited for income-oriented investors. Demat accounts hold both, Government and Corporate Bonds, facilitating convenient management of bond investments. 

3. Mutual Funds – Mutual funds help to diversify investments as it gathers funds from multiple investors to buy a mix of different investments. Having a Demat account makes it easy to invest in mutual funds as no physical paperwork is required. 

4. Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs) – ETFs refer to investment funds traded on stock exchanges. They hold assets like stocks, bonds or commodities. Investing in exchange-traded funds through a Demat account offers diversification and liquidity in a single trade. 

5. Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) – With the help of a Demat account, you can participate in IPOs by buying shares of the companies going public for the first time. Investing in promising companies early can help you maximise your investment returns. 

What is a Demat Account?

‘Demat’ is derived from Dematerialization – a process to convert your physical securities into electronic format. A Dematerialized (Demat) account is a repository for holding all your investments, including mutual funds, stocks, bonds and exchange-traded funds in electronic format. 

In India, opening a demat account with a Depository Participant is mandatory if you wish to invest in stock markets. 

Types of Demat Accounts 

1. Regular Demat Account – 

Regular Demat accounts are for Indian citizens residing in India. It is ideal for those investors looking to invest in equity shares. The function of this account is to hold all securities/shares in electronic form. 

Though these accounts are handled by depositories – National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL) or Central Depository Services Limited (CDSL), opening and maintenance are in the scope of depository participants. 

Regular Demat accounts are linked to trading and bank accounts for smooth settlement processes. Also, certain Annual Maintenance Charges are associated with this account that vary depending on the value of holdings or the fee structure of the DP.

Recently, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has introduced a new type of Demat account – the Basic Services Demat Account (BSDA). This account is convenient for investors who do not invest regularly in stocks as it doesn’t incur AMC charges for holdings valued under ₹50,000. 

2. Repatriable Demat Account – 

This type of account is ideal for Non-Resident Indians as it allows international money transfers. Here NRIs have to link this account with a Non-Resident External account to repatriate investment returns to their home country.

3. Non-Repatriable Demat Account – 

This type of account is also feasible for NRIs but it doesn’t allow international money transfers. It has to be linked to a Non-Resident Ordinary account to ensure management of non-repatriable funds. 

How Does a Demat Account Work?

i. Open a Demat Account – First, select a reliable Depository Participant affiliated with either NSDL or CDSL for online Demat account opening. You’ll be required to submit necessary documents like PAN, residence proof, and bank account details during the opening process. 

ii. Trading Account – Once all the documents are verified and approved, you can access your Demat account. A trading account is automatically opened and linked with your Demat account, which you can access using your unique client ID. 

iii. Stock Investments – You can place your orders to buy or sell stocks using your trading account by providing details like the quantity or price of the stocks. 

iv. Settlements – Once the order is placed, it will be sent to the stock exchange to match with the corresponding buy or sell orders. Once the trade is done, the depositories transfer the shares from the seller’s account to the buyer’s account. 

v. Corporate Actions – Corporate actions such as bonuses, rights or dividends issued by the invested companies are directly credited to your Demat account. 


Opening a Demat account with a dependable stock broker can help simplify your trading process, providing you access to numerous investment opportunities. 

If you are looking to open a free Demat account, you can rely on Choice. With more than 30 years of experience in providing reliable financial services, Choice has emerged as one of the most reputed stock brokerage firms in India. 

Open your free Demat account with Choice and start your investment journey today!

Disclaimer: Please note that while this article aims to provide accurate and up-to-date information, it should not be considered official financial advice. It is advisable to always consult a financial advisor before making investment decisions.

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